Available Tree Species

The following species are available through the Manitoba Forestry Association’s (MFA) Setting Down New Roots Program for spring 2019:

Jack Pine

A small to medium sized tree, with a small, irregular crown. Jack Pine can grow up to 20 meters (60 feet) in height. Cones are retained for several years, resulting in a coarse appearance. Widespread throughout Manitoba, the Jack Pine grows on thin layers of soil over granites and metamorphosed rocks of the Canadian Shield, or over limestone, in peats, and in soil over permafrost. Jack Pine is usually found in sandy soils, but also grows in loamy soils. The needles are 2-4 centimeters long, in clusters of two, twisted and yellow-green in colour. Jack Pine requires full sunlight.

Scots Pine

The Scots Pine is widely used in North America. Scots Pine can grow up to 30 meters (90 feet) in height. This tree has a large, long, conical trunk which spreads into a broad domed crown. The heavy, short branches grow outwards from the trunk giving the tree a weather beaten look. The needles are 4-8 centimeters long and are in clusters of 2. Scots Pine can grow in a wide variety of soils, however they do best on well-drained clay and loam soils. This tree requires full sunlight.

Red Pine

A medium size tree reaching up to 30 meters (90 feet) in height with an oval crown. Foliage is tufted, resembling a fox tail. The needles are 10 - 16 centimeters long and in clusters of two. The dark green needles are soft and flexible, although when bent sharply they snap or break. Red Pine prefers well-drained sandy and loam soils. This species prefers full sunlight.

Ponderosa Pine

A large tree with a straight trunk & wide, irregularly cylindrical crown. This species can grow up to 35 m (115 ft) tall. Needles are sharply tipped, 12 to 25 cm (5 to 10") long and grow in bundles of 3 (occasionally 2's or 5's). Ponderosa Pine is a hard, wind firm tree with a wide-spreading root system, often with a deep, large taproot. It is shade intolerant, and prefers moist, well drained loam soils, but will tolerate sandy soils as well as saline and alkaline soils.

Black Spruce

A small to medium tree depending on site conditions, the principal branches are short compared to other spruces, lower branches greatly droop with tips upturned. The upper portion of the crown is often very dense and oddly shaped. Black Spruce can grow 20 meters (60 feet) to 30 meters (90 feet) in height. The needles are straight, 5-8 mm long, blunt pointed and dull grayish green. Black Spruce will grow in a variety of soils, from wet, poorly drained sites to elevated, well drained sites. Black spruce is generally found in pure stands or with tamarack in moist organic soils. Black spruce can grow in full sunlight or shade. This tree is not known to be visually pleasing.

Black Hills Spruce

A medium tree, very dense and pyramidal shaped when young. Black Hills Spruce can grow up to 20 meters (60 feet) in height. Black Hills Spruce is a naturally occurring variety of White Spruce native to South Dakota. It grows best on moist loam soils and requires full sunlight.

Colorado Spruce

A broad, dense, pyramidal tree with stiff branches horizontal to the ground. Colorado Spruce can grow up to 30 meters (90 feet) in height. Needle colour ranges from dark green to blue-green and needle length is 1.5 - 3 centimeters. The Colorado Spruce requires full sunlight to grow. This tree prefers moist areas, well drained sandy and loam soils, but does not tolerate flooding

White Spruce

A medium sized native conifer with a narrow, spire like crown. White Spruce can grow up to 25 meters (75 feet) in height. The needles are short (1.5 - 2 centimeters), stiff, sharp, and four-sided. White Spruce will grow in shade or full sunlight and in all types of soil. The White Spruce is Manitoba’s provincial tree.

Eastern White Cedar

A small to medium sized tree shaped like an arrowhead, pyramidal with a broad base and a small, round top, often with several main trunks. White Cedar can grow up to 15 meters (45 feet) in height. Common in southeastern Manitoba, White Cedar is most often associated with cool, moist, nutrient-rich sites; particularly organic soils near streams or other drainage-ways, or on calcareous mineral soils. White Pine can grow in full sun or shade. The tree is highly preferred by white-tailed deer for shelter and browse.

Siberian Larch

A medium size deciduous coniferous tree, with soft needles that appear early in spring and turn bright yellow in fall before they drop. Needles are 2 to 4 cm (0.8 - 1.6") long and grown in tufts of 15 to 30. The straight trunk gradually tapers to a narrow open crown of many irregularly arranged, slender, somewhat horizontal branches. Siberian larch can live up to 100 years and reach 15 to 20 m (50 to 65 ft) in height, with a growth rate of up to 20 to 150 cm (8 to 60") per year. This shade intolerant tree grows best on moist, light, well drained soils, and is adaptable to dry conditions. Not generally found on saline soils, but has a high tolerance to acidic soils.

Villosa Lilac

A medium, non-suckering, flowerig shrub wihich can grow to an approximate height of 4 m (13 ft) and spread of 2.5 m (8 ft). The pale purple to white flowers appear mid to late June. These shrubs are typically used in single or multiple row shelterbelts to provide protection and habitat. This shade in tolerant shrub grows best on moist, medium textured soils and will not tolerate flooding or poorly drained soils.

Meyers Spruce

It is a medium-sized evergreen tree growing to 30 m (90 ft) tall. The leaves are needle-like, 13 - 25 mm (0.5 to 1") long. This tree is shade intolerant and requires full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt.

Crystal Blue Spruce

A variety of Colorado Blue Spruce with has been selected for its dense form, brilliant blue color and improved resistance to winter burn.

Hybrid Poplar

This variety of hybrid poplar 'Okanese" is a very fast growing tree which does well on a variety of soil types. this male clone can grow up to 25 m (80 ft) in height. These hybrids are selected for their superior adaptive traits for cold and drought tolerance, disease resistance, growth rate and form. It is a relatively short lived tree 30 to 40 years.

Acute Willow

Acute willow is a medium-sized multi-stemmed tree that performs best on moist, well-drained sites but will withstand short term spring flooding. Good growth occurs in full sun but will grow under as much as 50% shade. Recommended to be planted as a middle row in farmyard and livestock shelterbelts for wind control and shelter.

Golden Willow

A large low-branching tree forming a broad round-topped crown with slender, drooping branches. Does well in moist sites and survives severe flooding. Full sun to partial shade. Dense shrub form provides cover to many wildlife species Buds and twigs are used by upland game and song birds. Often dies back during periods of extended drought.

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